In the wake of the referendum for independence in Catalonia, I gave an interview on CNN this week. I mentioned, among other things, how the Spanish constitution is intentionally ambiguous when it comes to the state of the autonomous regions, since this was a necessary move for the constitution to be approved in a deeply divided Spain in 1978. The government response to the referendum has been criticised for being too harsh and violent. One should keep in mind that Rajoy’s government has implemented a range of legislative changes which gives more power to the Civil Guard, which means that they can easily approach protesters with the use of force. You can watch the interview here.